Perspectives on Social Work: 2019

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This collection gathers content from volumes of Perspectives on Social Work published in 2019.


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Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
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    Determining the effectiveness of interventions for NIP-YFV
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2019) Sainato, Scott
    Youth to family violence or Non-Intimate – Partner Violence (NIP-YFV) is a serious issue affecting youth, families, and communities (Sainato, 2018). NIP-YFV is any physical or psychological harm committed by the youth against a family member. This article is a follow-up to Sainato’s (2018) study which was one of the first to analyze NIP-YFV interventions for effectiveness with violent youth. Four factors were identified as pivotal to the intervention/treatment success. This article further explores these identified factors to conceptually understand why they are effective in addressing violent youth. This article also explores how social work professionals can effectively address violent youth through a practitioner, policymaker, and researcher lens while meeting ethical guidelines of the profession. Implications and recommendations are further discussed to build on this study to take a step towards reducing and eliminating NIP-YFV.
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    State of Domestic Violence Content in MSW Curriculum in the U.S.
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2019) Rai, Abha; Choi, Y. Joon; Khandare, Lalit
    Domestic violence remains a serious concern in the U.S. and stopping family violence is one of the 12 grand challenges for social work. Further, the core values of our profession are deeply rooted in social justice, dignity and worth of the person and importance of human relationships. This makes the preparedness of social work students to address domestic violence crucial. Social work students need to be provided with support to work with survivors, perpetrators and their families, while engaging in prevention of domestic violence. The present study explores the extent to which domestic violence content is covered within MSW curriculum in the U.S. Out of the 266 MSW schools accredited by the CSWE; we received 64 responses with a 19.5% response rate. About 70.4% of the programs surveyed offered at least one dedicated course on domestic violence. While there still remains a great need to expand the domestic violence curriculum in MSW programs, this study demonstrated recent increases of domestic violence content in MSW curriculum and in innovative teaching tools.
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    Understanding health literacy in the Latino population
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2019) Key, Whitney
    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) defines health literacy as the “degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.” Latinos are disproportionally susceptible to poorer health literacy. Adult Latinos are more likely to suffer from chronic diseases at a higher rate; adult Latinos are 15% more likely to be obese, 45% more likely to have cervical cancer and 65% more likely to have diabetes. Understanding the mechanisms that lead to health literacy within the Latino community could lead to better health outcomes, as well as income, housing, and employment. These include health literacy screening, improving communication with low-literacy patients, costs and outcomes of poor health literacy, and causal pathways of how poor health literacy influences health. This study utilized focus groups to learn more about the varying degrees of health literacy of individuals who participate in a cooking class at a social service agency in Chicago; specifically, how individuals understand how behaviors impact their overall health. The study participants were predominantly Latino Spanish only speakers from low income communities. A total of eight participants who have attended at least four cooking classes in the last six months were included in the focus group discussion. The focus group was conducted in Spanish and observations were recorded by members of the research team. The focus group was open coded for thematic purpose and an interpretive theory was used. Findings highlight the importance of social connections gained in these cooking classes and how they impact the participants’ health literacy. By the agency hosting these classes, individuals can create social networks that reinforce healthy habits within the home. It is important for social workers to understand the dynamics that health literacy classes or health literacy education has on their clients’ health outcomes.
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    EDITORIAL – Building Scholarship in Perspectives on Social Work
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2019) Minott, Kenya R.
    Editorial for volume 13 of Perspectives on Social Work, by journal editor Kenya R. Minott, MSW.
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    Perspectives on Social Work Volume 13 (Summer 2019)
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2019) Minott, Kenya R.; Avellaneda, Flor; Hardy, Nick; Bickel, John; Jeter, Sandra
    This is the full-text volume of Perspectives on Social Work, vol. 13 (Summer 2019).