Perspectives on Social Work: 2012

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This collection gathers content from the volume of Perspectives on Social Work published in 2012.


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Now showing 1 - 9 of 9
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    Title X, Family Planning, and the Affordable Care Act: A Strengths Perspective Policy Analysis
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2012) Winter, Virginia Ramseyer
    This paper analyzes Title X of the 1970 Public Health Service Act using a strengths perspective framework. Title X was the country’s first federal policy to provide public funding for family planning programs and it was implemented during a time when overpopulation was a great concern. The goals of Title X align with the strengths perspective’s focus on self-determination and empowerment. While Title X has made a great contribution by preventing unplanned pregnancies for low-income women, there are several limitations in regards to beneficiaries, service delivery, and funding. This paper explores both the strengths and limitations of the policy and makes recommendations for improvements that are crucial as implementation plans of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 are developed.
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    A Systematic Review: The Effectiveness of Cultural Competence Trainings among Health Professions
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2012) Williams, Sha-Lai
    Cultural competence trainings are cited as improving providers’ interactions with culturally diverse clients. Yet, little is known about the methodological rigor of such studies. To date, a systematic review of the effectiveness of cultural competence trainings by target population, intervention duration, and intervention intensity has not been conducted. An electronic systematic search was conducted to identify recent empirical evaluations of cultural competence trainings. Studies meeting the inclusion criteria were critically appraised using the Methodological Quality Rating Scale and the Outcome Attainment Index. Thirteen studies were included. Trainings targeting professionals were more rigorous than those targeting students. Accounting for methodological rigor, trainings targeting professionals, those longer in duration, and of higher intensity, achieved higher outcome attainment indices. Given the lack of rigor among these studies, it is difficult to assess their overall effectiveness. Considering the evergrowing diversification of this county, cultural competence trainings need to be both effective and rigorous.
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    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2012) Carbajal, Jose; Gallagher, John; Williams, Sha-Lai; Winter, Virginia Ramseyer; Davis, Ashley; Naumburg, Carla; Kawam, Elisa; McLeod, David Axlyn
    This is the full-text volume of Perspectives on Social Work, vol. 9 (Fall 2011/Spring 2012).
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    Health Information Portability and Accountability Act of 1996: An Analysis of its Implication Using an Adapted Model
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2012) Carbajal, Jose
    The HIPA Act of 1996 is analyzed using an adapted model: Approach, Need, Assessment, and Logistics. The adaptation comes from McInnis-Dittrich (1994). McInnis-Dittrich uses the word ANALYSIS as a model structure to analyze proposed/enacted policies or programs. The structure was modified to better fit general policies and to flow from element to element by only utilizing the first three components of the structure and by adding a new element, Logistics, which facilitates an outcome and implementation analysis. In addition, the model has been enriched with assessment of values and consequences (intended and unintended). As illustrated through this paper, the adapted model seems to fit well with analyzing the HIPA Act of 1996, a macro level policy.
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    Strength and Resilience of Homeless, Single Mothers: A Focus Group Analysis
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2012) Bouie, Ruby; Gallagher, John
    A qualitative research design was used to explore the views of homeless, single mothers. The research was guided by a phenomenological perspective by collecting data on the lived experiences of the research participants. Eight women participated in a focus group. Analysis of the statements given by the research participants resulted in the identification of two themes: 1) connectedness; and 2) sources of strengths. This article describes each theme and discusses implications for social work practice and research.
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    Remembering Francis Perkins: The Past, Present, and Future of Social Work
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2012) Kawam, Elisa
    As one of the founders of social work, Francis Perkins worked as an educator, union organizer as well as with the Settlement Houses and the Charity Organization Society. Her spirit, passion, and commitment to social justice were not without challenge throughout her life, yet unfazed she worked on behalf of the oppressed to create many of the social programs that are still in existence today. As part of the Labor Movement, Women’s Suffrage Movement and co-author of the Social Security Act of 1935, her contribution to the mission, values, and ethics of social work may be relatively unknown by modern practitioners, scholars, and students, however Perkins reminds all in the field what social work, social reform and social justice really mean. It is important to remember Francis Perkins and her contribution to social work practice, policy, education, and community work.
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    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2012) Giardina, Traber
    Editorial for volume 9 of Perspectives on Social Work, by journal Editor-in-Chief Traber Giardina.
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    Book Review Cozolino, L. (2010). The neuroscience of psychotherapy: Healing the social brain. New York: Norton.
    (University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, 2012) McLeod, David Axlyn
    The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Healing the Social Brain is a useful addition to the literature base and could be used as a tool to both inform the future of clinical social work and to further legitimize many of the profession’s long-held standards of practice. In his book Cozolino, a clinical psychologist and professor of psychology at Pepperdine University, has written extensively about the social aspects of the human brain, neurological development, attachment, consciousness construction, and the conflict between needs people face in modern society and the evolutionary developments their brains continue to carry.
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    From diapers to dissertations: Students’ experiences of new motherhood while enrolled in social work doctoral programs
    (2012) Davis, Ashley; Naumburg, Carla
    Approximately 13% of doctoral students have children during their studies, and the mothers among them may face particular challenges. These can include time constraints, unsupportive faculty, and a tenure system that often favors women without children and men. As a result, a disproportionate number of young mothers may be leaving doctoral programs prior to completion. The unique perspectives and potential that is lost each time one of these students drops out represents a significant loss to the social work community. The leadership of social work doctoral programs has a responsibility to understand and address experiences and needs of women who are balancing studies and motherhood. This article will use ecological theory and role theory to explore the challenges faced by this group of students. The authors share their own stories, including our struggles and successes in juggling motherhood and our doctoral studies. Suggestions for ways in which social work doctoral programs can become more familyfriendly will be offered.