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ItemLibrary Information System II: Progress Report and Technical Plan(The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Troll, Denise A.This article describes the work at Carnegie Mellon University in library automation and information retrieval systems. Specific projects include: broadening the range of electronic bibliographic resources by adding databases and expanding the range of stand-alone CD-ROM databases; deepening access to book resources by enhancing catalog records, and adding contents information for scientific and technical proceedings and book reviews to the online catalog; designing a new library information system (LIS II) on a hardware and software platform that demonstrates the feasibility of distributed library systems running on UNIX workstations; and building image databases for the delivery of full-text documents. The Library Information System II provides for retrieval from several DEC VAX servers using Z39.50 layered on TCP/IP, a search engine from OCLC called Newton, a pilot user interface in OSF X.11 Motif, and an authentication system based on Kerberos and Hesiod developed at MIT. The system is being built to existing and proposed standards, and it is designed to be machine independent. A system which distributes databases over a number of file servers will thus be affordable to a wide range of libraries. This article address a number of technical and design issues and concludes with an outline of the research and development agenda for the coming year. ItemThe Libraries at Rensselaer Implement Access to Information Beyond Their Walls(The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Molholt, PatRensselaer Polytechnic Institute began automating its libraries some ten years ago. The choice of SPIRES was driven both by its functionality and its cost. With no increased funding available for automation, the library administration sought a tool that afforded maximum control over the development of systems while, at the same time, had a manageable price tag. Currently, our system, which has the trademarked name "InfoTrax," has nine sub-systems. SPIRES has successfully handling every challenge we have put to it in this complex system development effort. These accomplishments were shepherded through the design, implementation, and evaluation processes by a design team of four librarians and a programmer/analyst. One programmer/analyst has been entirely responsible for the programming and maintenance of our system. Three individuals have held that position over the years with no loss to our progress in the transitions. ItemExpansion and Testing of a Meridian CD-ROM | Network(Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Morgan, James JayThe Indiana University School of Medicine Library installed a Meridian CD Net system running on an IBM Token-Ring network in September 1989. After operating the network for 7 weeks, it expanded the number of active stations from four to eight for a bibliographic instruction class presented to sophomore medical students on 11/3/89. The class of 140 students was divided into six sections that used the system at six separate times during the day. These brief periods of intensive activity indicated that the CD Net system can be used to successfully support up to 8 simultaneous users. ItemSymposium on Staffing Issues and Public-Access Computer Systems(The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Ridley, Mike; Bailey, Charles W., Jr.The introduction and proliferation of public-access computer systems has had a significant impact on staffing in libraries. In an attempt to address staffing issues, The Public-Access Computer Systems Review asked a panel prominent commentators to respond to five questions. The comments of the symposium participants form a detailed assessment of the current issues and provide a diverse set of approaches and recommendations. ItemMounting a Full-Text Database Using SPIRES(The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Piovesan, WalterThe demand for enhanced online services has led many libraries to provide users with access to machine-readable indexes and other products in addition to the online catalogue. The proliferation of networks and the merging of two heretofore separate service bureaus--the library and computer services, has facilitated the emergence of new partnerships providing new, improved services. This article describes how the Library and Computer Services of Simon Fraser University worked together to select and mount the GROLIER ACADEMIC AMERICAN ENCYCLOPEDIA database on a mainframe using the SPIRES system. ItemHypermedia, Interactive Multimedia, and Virtual Realities(The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Halbert, Martin ItemThe University of Guelph Library's SearchMe Public-Access Catalogue(The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Loney, GeorgeThe University of Guelph is a medium-sized university located in southwestern Ontario about 100 kilometers from Toronto. The library has been automating its various systems since the mid1960s, starting with electronic data collection devices for a batch-oriented circulation system. The systems that followed included a batch cataloguing system called Scope, the CODOC system, and the Geac online circulation system (co-developed with Geac). The Geac circulation system was expanded to include online public access, acquisitions, and cataloguing, all running on the Geac mini-computers. In 1987, the University of Guelph Library began a pilot project to determine the viability of individual CD-ROM workstations as a replacement for its centralized online catalogue. This storage medium for the nearly 900,000 record bibliographic database was chosen because it offered an extremely cost-effective method of distributing the 500-megabyte database to what is projected to be a network of over 100 workstations. The original version of the search software and database was the product of a commercial vendor. The pilot project determined that while CD-ROM was an acceptable medium for storing and retrieving the data, the software used during the pilot project was not desirable for the long term, and the inability to change the database would require frequent and costly remasterings. As a result, a database design was developed and tested that would allow the library to write its own search software, prepare its own database, deal directly with the CD-ROM manufacturers at a greatly reduced cost, and add changes to the CD-ROM data. This software project was started in May 1988, and the new system was installed in October 1988 on 25 workstations throughout the library. Since then, the system has completely replaced the old, centralized online public access system and is running on 85 workstations in the two library branches and on a few additional workstations in some academic departments. ItemPublic-Access Computer Systems Review no. 1, 1 (1990) addendum(Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Bailey, Charles W., Jr. ItemA CD-ROM LAN Utilizing the CBIS CD Connection System(The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Smith, SteveLike many libraries, the Elmer E. Rasmuson Library of the University of Alaska at Fairbanks has been exploring ways to expand access to the growing number of commercial CD-ROM database products, which are supplementing and replacing traditional print and online reference sources in libraries. Over the past few years, we have increased the number of CD-ROM titles in our collection; however, due to the popularity of these databases, the queues to use them also grew, which resulted in patron frustration. This paper will briefly chronicle our library's implementation of a local area network (LAN), which is primarily used to provide multiple-user access to CD-ROM databases. ItemAn Overview of SPIRES and the SPIRES Consortium(The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Parker, BoSPIRES is the Stanford Public Information REtrieval System, a sophisticated information retrieval and database management system. It has been used at Stanford and over forty other research centers and academic institutions within the SPIRES Consortium for more than 15 years. Applications that have been written in SPIRES range from library catalogs to electronic messaging systems. It is the principle database management system in use on the central computer system at Stanford for research, instruction, and administration. ItemPublic-Access Computer Systems and the Internet(The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Halbert, MartinRecursive Reviews is a new column that will identify and briefly describe articles that deal with public-access computer systems (PACS) and related topics in both library and computer science literature. The "recursive" in the name of the column emphasizes the idea that the discussion of information technology in libraries changes the underlying precepts of the discussion. The dialogue concerning uses of library technology redefines itself in this way, and can therefore be seen as recursive. Enough introduction, let's go on to the reviews. ItemReview - Campus Strategies for Libraries and Electronic Information by Caroline R. Arm(Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Cisler, Steve ItemZen and the Art of CD-ROM Network License Negotiation(The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Wilson, Thomas C.Multi-user access is one of the fastest growing areas of the CD-ROM marketplace. Since several library sites have tested the merger of multiple technologies to build such networks, clearly it is technologically possible to provide either in-house or remote networked access to some CD-ROM databases. As with many experiments in library automation, the technological hurdles that must be overcome belong to the first stage of the process and, complicated though they may be, do not represent the totality of the problem. License agreements represent another challenging area in the universe of CD-ROM networking. The first indication of the complexity at hand is the lack of standard methods for initiating, negotiating, or determining such arrangements. Each vendor is likely to produce a unique license agreement and, in some cases, is likely to have different arrangements with each institution, regardless of the similarity of their network environments. CD-ROM network license agreements are also frequently extensions of or riders to existing single-use agreements, not separately designed legal documents. This situation is further complicated by the implied separation of licenses for data and licenses for software. Additionally, some agreements require that the established relationship be held in confidence, thereby limiting customers' ability to learn how others have handled specific licensing dilemmas. It is clear that this segment of the information industry has not fully matured. End-users, network managers, database producers, and product vendors all approach licensing issues from different perspectives. Even within these groups opinions, policies, and procedures vary greatly. It is also the case that none of these groups have a corner on clarity or sensibility. The issues are often fraught with philosophically opposing motivations, but that is not to say that compromises can not be made. This paper will outline several descriptive categories of CD-ROM network license arrangements available in the marketplace at this time and will attempt to examine and clarify some of their pitfalls. ItemComputer-Assisted Instruction for Music | Uniform Titles(Public-Access Computer Systems Review, 1990) Fling, R. MichaelDespite its lack of relevance to many of the problems that beset the world, music, by its global appeal in many styles and forms has achieved status as a subject for both formal and informal study. Although it is one of the most widely loved and practiced of the arts, it remains one of the most obscure because of a technical language that sets it apart from literature and the visual arts. Yet its language is an international one. English-speaking musicians can play from French, German, or Soviet editions even though they may be unable to read the title pages. Recordings may set forth a composition's title or text in assorted tongues depending upon where the discs are produced or marketed, even though the musical content is unchanged. Richard Wagner's opera Goetterdaemmerung is just as likely to be identified as Twilight of the Gods or Crepuscule des Dieux.