Remediating computational deficits at third grade: A randomized field trial



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Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness


The major purposes of this study were to assess the efficacy of tutoring to remediate 3rd-grade computational deficits and to explore whether remediation is differentially efficacious depending on whether students experience mathematics difficulty alone or concomitantly with reading difficulty. At 2 sites, 127 students were stratified on mathematics difficulty status and randomly assigned to 4 conditions: word recognition (control) tutoring or 1 of 3 computation tutoring conditions: fact retrieval, procedural computation and computational estimation, and combined (fact retrieval + procedural computation and computational estimation). Results revealed that fact retrieval tutoring enhanced fact retrieval skill, and procedural computation and computational estimation tutoring (whether in isolation or combined with fact retrieval tutoring) enhanced computational estimation skill. Remediation was not differentially efficacious as a function of students' mathematics difficulty status.



Mathematics difficulties, Remediation, Computation


Copyright 2008 Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness. This is a post-print version of a published paper that is available at: Recommended citation: Fuchs, Lynn S., Sarah R. Powell, Carol L. Hamlett, Douglas Fuchs, Paul T. Cirino, and Jack M. Fletcher. "Remediating Computational Deficits at Third Grade: A Randomized Field Trial." Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness 1, no. 1 (2008): 2-32. doi: 10.1080/19345740701692449. This item has been deposited in accordance with publisher copyright and licensing terms and with the author's permission.