Laminin Alpha 2 Enhances the Protective Effect of Exosomes on Human iPSC-Derived Cardiomyocytes in an In Vitro Ischemia-Reoxygenation Model


Ischemic heart disease, a leading cause of death worldwide, manifests clinically as myocardial infarction. Contemporary therapies using mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and their derivative (exosomes, EXOs) were developed to decrease the progression of cell damage during ischemic injury. Laminin alpha 2 (LAMA2) is an important extracellular matrix protein of the heart. Here, we generated MSC-derived exosomes cultivated under LAMA2 coating to enhance human-induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-cardiomyocyte recognition of LAMA2-EXOs, thus, increasing cell protection during ischemia reoxygenation. We mapped the mRNA content of LAMA2 and gelatin-EXOs and identified 798 genes that were differentially expressed, including genes associated with cardiac muscle development and extracellular matrix organization. Cells were treated with LAMA2-EXOs 2 h before a 4 h ischemia period (1% O2, 5% CO2, glucose-free media). LAMA2-EXOs had a two-fold protective effect compared to non-treatment on plasma membrane integrity and the apoptosis activation pathway; after a 1.5 h recovery period (20% O2, 5% CO2, cardiomyocyte-enriched media), cardiomyocytes treated with LAMA2-EXOs showed faster recovery than did the control group. Although EXOs had a protective effect on endothelial cells, there was no LAMA2-enhanced protection on these cells. This is the first report of LAMA2-EXOs used to treat cardiomyocytes that underwent ischemia-reoxygenation injury. Overall, we showed that membrane-specific EXOs may help improve cardiomyocyte survival in treating ischemic cardiovascular disease.




International Journal of Molecular Sciences 25 (7): 3773 (2024)