I. Interaction between asymmetric solutes and solvents: dipeptides as solvents. II. The solid phase synthesis of amidated peptides

dc.contributor.advisorParr, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.committeeMemberZlatkis, Albert
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWentworth, Wayne E.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberKimball, Aubrey P.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberMcElrath, Eby N.
dc.creatorYang, Cheng Chu
dc.description.abstractThe interaction of a dipeptidic phase, N-trifluoroacetyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-leucine cyclohexyl ester (I), with solutes, consisting of N-trifluoroacetyl (N-TFA) and N-pentafluoropropionyl (N-PFP) esters of [proportional to]-amino acids, has been studied at 100-130[degrees]C. The difference in behavior, as judged by the separation factors of enantiomers, between (I) and N-TFA-L-valyl-L-valine cyclohexyl ester (II), depends on the compound used for comparison. The following regularities were observed: (1) Resolution improves as the alkyl residue of the ester function of the solute increases from a primary to a secondary to a tertiary group. (2) The alkyl radical attached to the asymmetric carbon of the solute decreases resolution when substituted in the [beta]-position (with respect to the carboxylic group), while the reverse is true of substitution of the [gamma]-position. (3) Under the same conditions, N-PFP derivatives have about 25% lower retention volumes throughout than corresponding N-TFA esters. Because of the higher volatility of N-PFP derivatives, arginine, cysteine, lysine and tryptophan are resolved in either 100 ft or 400 ft columns. The advantage of the N-PFP derivatives is that they have shorter retention times without a significant loss in the resolution factors. The influence of the perfluoroacyl,heptafluoroutyl and pentadecaoctanoyl derivatives of amino acid esters, other than trifluoroacetyl group, with respect to retention times and resolution factor has also been studied.
dc.description.departmentChemistry, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginreformatted digital
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. Section 107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work assume the responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing, or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires express permission of the copyright holder.
dc.titleI. Interaction between asymmetric solutes and solvents: dipeptides as solvents. II. The solid phase synthesis of amidated peptides
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Arts and Sciences
thesis.degree.departmentChemistry, Department of
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy


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