Perception of success of accountability systems in public community junior colleges



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Instructional programs of higher education are in the process of being re-evaluated because of pressures from the public for more accountability in the educational system. The major challenge of public education in relation to accountability is to analyze and evaluate systematically the effectiveness of instructional systems. Several systems are presently used by educational institutions to facilitate evaluation and accountability, or to measure accomplishment of learning objectives in instructional programs. In response to the public concern for accountability, many public community junior colleges have been able to implement new systems to measure the accomplishment of the goals and objectives of their instructional programs. This study was undertaken to determine what types of instructional accountability systems were being employed in public junior colleges and to perceive their effectiveness as reported by chief instructional officers. An assessment was to be made if there was a relationship between accountability systems being employed and certain institutional and demographic characteristics. A questionnaire was developed and adapted to one group of respondents, chief instructional officers of public community junior colleges. The population consisted of 232 public junior colleges that were fully accredited with one of the six regional accrediting associations. The public junior college populations were randomly selected from four groups of 58 each that had been stratified, based on total student head count. Information was received from 175 chief instructional officers. [...]