The causes for temperature fluctuations on catalytic wires

dc.contributor.advisorLuss, Dan
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWorley, Frank L., Jr.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHwang, Neddy H. C.
dc.creatorZúñiga-Chaves, Jorge E.
dc.description.abstractRandom temperature fluctuations can be observed on the surface of catalytic wires when an exothermic mass transfer limited chemical reaction takes place on them. In industrial reactors, these large magnitude temperature fluctuations (flickering) have a deleterious influence on the rate of metal loss from the gauzes. An experimental investigation was undertaken to determine the main causes of flickering. The surface temperature fluctuations on single platinum wires were measured with an infrared detector during the oxidation of hydrogen or ammonia in excess air. Independent measurements of turbulence intensity and concentration fluctuations in the gaseous mixture were made. The rms amplitude of the latter was measured by means of an aspirating probe. The characteristic time for wire temperature changes was much greater than the characteristic time for changes in surface concentration for these reaction experiments. The results indicate that concentration fluctuations due to incomplete mixing of the reactants are the main cause of the temperature fluctuations.
dc.description.departmentChemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginreformatted digital
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. Section 107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work assume the responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing, or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires express permission of the copyright holder.
dc.titleThe causes for temperature fluctuations on catalytic wires
dc.type.genreThesis College of Engineering Engineering, Department of Engineering of Houston of Science


Original bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
3.06 MB
Adobe Portable Document Format