Effectiveness of Fowler's Position on Preventing VAP in Adult ICU Patients
In the ICU, patients are often placed on mechanical ventilation. Mechanical ventilation is an artificial airway for patients that lack spontaneous breathing or are experiencing other critical conditions that can severely impair respiratory function. Being on mechanical ventilation for more than forty eight hours increases the risk of ventilator associated pneumonia. It is the second most common hospital acquired infection and accounts for 7% to 32% of all healthcare associated infections ( Kohbhi et al., 2022). Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is also expensive for hospitals because it increases the length of time spent in the hospital (Fadda & Ahmad, 2021). Healthcare professionals can contribute to the decrease of VAP by encouraging certain positions other than supine for the patient. Placing patients at thirty to forty five degree angle decreases the chance of VAP ( Kallet , 2019).