Randomized controlled trial of a spring break intervention to reduce high-risk drinking

dc.contributor.authorLee, Christine M.
dc.contributor.authorNeighbors, Clayton
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Melissa A.
dc.contributor.authorKaysen, Debra
dc.contributor.authorMittmann, Angela
dc.contributor.authorGeisner, Irene M.
dc.contributor.authorAtkins, David C.
dc.contributor.authorZheng, Cheng
dc.contributor.authorGarberson, Lisa A.
dc.contributor.authorKilmer, Jason R.
dc.contributor.authorLarimer, Mary E.
dc.description.abstractObjective: While recent studies have documented high-risk drinking occurring during Spring Break (SB), particularly on SB trips with friends, published intervention studies are few. The present study evaluated the efficacy of Event Specific Prevention (ESP) strategies for reducing SB drinking among college students, compared to general prevention strategies and an assessment-only control group, as well as evaluated inclusion of peers in interventions and mode of intervention delivery (in-person vs. web). Method: Participants included 783 undergraduates (56.1% women, average age 20.5) intending to go on a SB trip with friends as well as to drink heavily on at least one day of SB. Participants completed assessments prior to SB and were randomized to one of five intervention conditions: SB in-person BASICS, SB web BASICS, SB in-person BASICS with friend, SB web BASICS with friend, general BASICS, or an attention control condition. Follow-up assessment was completed one week after SB. Results: While the SB web BASICS (with and without friends) and general BASICS interventions were not effective at reducing SB drinking, results indicated significant intervention effects for SB in-person BASICS in reducing SB drinking, particularly on trip days. Follow-up analyses indicated change in descriptive norms mediated treatment effect and reductions in drinking, while SB drinking intentions and positive expectancies did not. Conclusions: Overall, results suggest an in-person SB-specific intervention is effective at reducing SB drinking, especially during trips. In contrast, interventions that contain non-SB related content, are web-based, or seek to involve friends may be less effective at reducing SB drinking.
dc.identifier.citationCopyright 2014 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. This is a post-print version of a published paper that is available at: http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2014-03884-001. Recommended citation: Lee, Christine M., Clayton Neighbors, Melissa A. Lewis, Debra Kaysen, Angela Mittmann, Irene M. Geisner, David C. Atkins, Cheng Zheng, Lisa A. Garberson, Jason R. Kilmer, and Mary E. Larimer. "Randomized Controlled Trial of a Spring Break Intervention to Reduce High-Risk Drinking." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 82, no. 2 (2014): 189-201. doi: 10.1037/a0035743. This item has been deposited in accordance with publisher copyright and licensing terms and with the author’s permission.
dc.publisherJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
dc.subjectAlcohol-related problems
dc.subjectCollege students
dc.subjectEvent-specific drinking
dc.subjectEvent-specific prevention
dc.subjectSpring break
dc.titleRandomized controlled trial of a spring break intervention to reduce high-risk drinking


Original bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
962.79 KB
Adobe Portable Document Format

License bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
1.76 KB
Plain Text