A brief measure of peer affiliation and social acceptance (PASA): Validity in an ethnically diverse sample of early adolescents



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Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology


Objective Conduct a multiagent–multimethod analysis of the validity of a brief measure of deviant peer affiliations and social acceptance (PASA) in young adolescents. Peer relationships are critical to child and adolescent social and emotional development, but currently available measures are tedious and time consuming. The PASA consists of a youth, parent, and teacher report that can be collected longitudinally to study development and intervention effectiveness.

Method This longitudinal study included 998 middle school students and their families. We collected the PASA and peer sociometrics data in Grade 7 and a multiagent–multimethod construct of deviant peer clustering in Grade 8.

Results Confirmatory factor analyses of the multiagent–multimethod data revealed that the constructs of deviant peer affiliations and social acceptance and rejection were distinguishable as unique but correlated constructs within the PASA. Convergent, discriminant, concurrent, and predictive validity of the PASA was satisfactory, although the acceptance and rejection constructs were highly correlated and showed similar patterns of concurrent validity. Factor invariance was established for mother and for father reports.

Conclusions Results suggest that the PASA is a valid and reliable measure of peer affiliation and of social acceptance among peers during the middle school years and provides a comprehensive yet brief assessment of peer affiliations and social acceptance.



peer relationships, deviant peer clustering, sociometric status, early adolescence


Copyright 2014 Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. This is a post-print version of a published paper that is available at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15374416.2013.876641 Recommended citation: Dishion, Thomas J., Hanjoe Kim, Elizabeth A. Stormshak, and Maya O'Neill. "A Brief Measure of Peer Affiliation and Social Acceptance (PASA): Validity in an Ethnically Diverse Sample of Early Adolescents." Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology: the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53 43, no. 4 (2014): 601. DOI: 10.1080/15374416.2013.876641 This item has been deposited in accordance with publisher copyright and licensing terms and with the author’s permission.