An investigation into effects of superior-subordinate similarity on performance ratings and rating discrepancy

dc.contributor.committeeMemberOsburn, Hobart G.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberVandaveer, Vicki V.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberKahn, Edward B.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberFrancis, David J.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBlakeney, Roger N.
dc.creatorDeClerk, Michael A.
dc.description.abstractThe effect on performance ratings of superiorsubordinate similarity in background, interests, occupational values, job needs and personality was examined. The sample included 434 dyads from a total of 84 professional employees, 16 of whom were in supervisory positions. Three primary research questions posed by the present study included: (1) Is the similarity effect an artifact of simpler rater and ratee effects? (2) What is a more appropriate dependent measure—performance rating or deviation of rating from the mean of non- dyadic raters, i.e., discrepancy? (3) Does superior familiarity with subordinate performance moderate similarity effects? Results from hierarchical multiple regression analyses provided compelling evidence that the direct relationship between similarity and performance criteria could be an artifact of rater leniency and ratee scores on similarity scales. This finding brings into question the conclusions of previous researchers. With regard to the second research question, data from this study did not support an argument for preference of either dependent measure over the other. Finally, it was found that familiarity moderated the similarity effect for values. It appears that as familiarity increases, similarity in values becomes more predictive of performance criteria.
dc.description.departmentPsychology, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginreformatted digital
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dc.subjectEmployees--Rating of
dc.subjectInterpersonal attraction
dc.titleAn investigation into effects of superior-subordinate similarity on performance ratings and rating discrepancy
dcterms.accessRightsThe full text of this item is not available at this time because it contains documents that are presumed to be under copyright and are accessible only to users who have an active CougarNet ID. This item will continue to be made available through interlibrary loan. of Social Sciences, Department of of Houston of Philosophy


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