Are “Dynamic” Predictors of Youth Violence Actually Dynamic?

dc.contributor.advisorVincent, John P.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberFrancis, David J.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBabcock, Julia C.
dc.creatorDavis, Jessica Klement
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-8429-3642 2015 2015
dc.description.abstractYouth violence is a serious social problem with a 12-month prevalence rate of about 35 percent (Herrenkohl, Lee, & Hawkins, 2012). While research has identified dynamic predictors of violence, there is little evidence of their malleability and impact on youth violence since experimental studies are scarce and few correlational studies have examined within-individual differences. Also, few studies have applied item response modeling (IRM), which allows differential weighting of violent acts. The current study is the first to use multilevel modeling (MLM) to examine predictors of within-individual change in violence among males in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) data set. Due to sex differences in the rates of violent offending, the sample is restricted to males. It is only the second study to use IRM to scale the violence outcome measure. The sample includes males (N=2288) from the Add Health public dataset, which captures violent offending from Wave 1 (age 11-21) to Wave 2 (age 12-22). Samejima’s (1997) graded response model translated self-reported violence onto a continuous scale. MLM examined dynamic predictors of within-individual change in violence, static predictors of between-individual differences, and the interaction between age and peer delinquency. The IRM results showed that items varied in difficulty, poor factor loading for one item, and local dependence for two other items. The results of MLM indicated that, on average, individuals became less violent with age; Peer delinquency, a daily family meal, and alcohol use significantly predicted within-individual change in violence; and demographic variables, GPA, school attachment, history of grade retention, depressive symptoms, peer delinquency, and a daily family meal significantly predicted the level of violence between individuals.
dc.description.departmentPsychology, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectYouth Violence
dc.subjectNational study
dc.subjectLongitudinal study
dc.subjectAdolescent health
dc.subjectMultilevel modeling
dc.subjectItem response modeling
dc.subjectViolent offending
dc.titleAre “Dynamic” Predictors of Youth Violence Actually Dynamic?
dc.type.genreThesis of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, Clinical of Houston of Arts


Original bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
867.64 KB
Adobe Portable Document Format

License bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
1.81 KB
Plain Text