La distopía socio política y la deshumanización en la literatura y el cine en Perú



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Literature and cinematography have exposed interesting and unlikely themes and stories based on fiction, whose worlds, times, and ideas acquire dystopian characteristics. Because they are foreign to reality, the impact does not materialize in the collective consciousness, nor do they generate vivid memories or critical judgments appropriate to the historical past or daily life. This dissertation integrates the literary and cinematographic narratives to identify and validate dystopian systems embedded in the political and social reality of Peru during the 1970s and 1990s, born from the absence of ethics, fueled by the abuse of power, and grounded in the violation of human rights. The analyzed historical past is supported by real events and fictional elements that recall the eras of military dictatorship, self-coup d'état and terrorism. I identify the importance of these historical fiction narratives as sources of approach to reality, whose purposes are to show the past, analyze it and generate critical judgments. Of utmost importance are the integrations of reality and fiction and their projections at the socio-political level by consolidating themselves as contributors in the construction of the collective memory.



Historical fiction, Perú, Collective memory, Dystopia, Social politics