ENANTIOSELECTIVE SYNTHESIS OF BIS-HETEROARYL MOLECULES AND STUDIES OF CASCADE C-H BOND INSERTION REACTIONS

dc.contributor.advisorMay, Jeremy A.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberDaugulis, Olafs
dc.contributor.committeeMemberColtart, Don M.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberCzernuszewicz, Roman S.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBall, Zachary T.
dc.creatorShih, Jiun-le 1985-
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-15T04:32:21Z
dc.date.available2021-07-15T04:32:21Z
dc.date.createdMay 2016
dc.date.issued2016-05
dc.date.submittedMay 2016
dc.date.updated2021-07-15T04:32:22Z
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation presents two major projects. The first is the BINOL-catalyzed 1,4-addition of heteroaryl trifluoroborate salts and its application to the synthesis of the natural product, discoipyrrole D. The second is cascade reactions and their use in the synthesis of azasilacyclopentenes and the natural product, brazilide A. The synthesis of bis-heteroaryl stereocenters with high enantioselectivities via a BINOL-catalyzed conjugate addition of trifluoroborates to heteroaryl-appended enones and enals will be discussed herein. A proposed mechanism of how trifluoroborate salts interacting with the BINOL catalyst was based on control experiments. Importantly, bench, air, and moisture stable trifluoroborate salts are not only very easy to handle, but also completely shut down an unproductive protodeboronation side reaction. The power of the mild organocatalytic reaction was demonstrated in the synthesis of the bioactive natural product, discoipyrrole D. The second half describes use of carbene cascade reactions to construct complex molecules like bridged polycycles, propellanes, and heteropolycycles. The propellane core of brazilide A was synthesized by a Rh(II)-catalyzed carbene/alkyne cascade reaction followed by a rearrangement. The final stage of the synthesis still requires installation of a benzopyran motif and oxidation. Moreover, a transition metal-free nitrene initiated cascade reaction was discovered to obtain azasilacyclopentenes. The mechanism of the reaction was informed by detailed control experiments and the characterization of reaction intermediates. The nitrene initiated cascade reaction has opened several valuable directions for future exploration.
dc.description.departmentChemistry, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.citationPortions of this document appear in: Shih, Jiun‐Le, Thien S. Nguyen, and Jeremy A. May. "Organocatalyzed asymmetric conjugate addition of heteroaryl and aryl trifluoroborates: a synthetic strategy for discoipyrrole D." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 54, no. 34 (2015): 9931-9935.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10657/7894
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. UH Libraries has secured permission to reproduce any and all previously published materials contained in the work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectenantioselective conjugate addition
dc.subjectcascade reaction
dc.subjectC-H bond insertion reaction.
dc.titleENANTIOSELECTIVE SYNTHESIS OF BIS-HETEROARYL MOLECULES AND STUDIES OF CASCADE C-H BOND INSERTION REACTIONS
dc.type.dcmiText
dc.type.genreThesis
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
thesis.degree.departmentChemistry, Department of
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistry
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
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