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dc.contributor.advisorVipulanandan, Cumaraswamy
dc.creatorSivananthan, Piluja
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-03T21:04:49Z
dc.date.available2018-12-03T21:04:49Z
dc.date.created2016-08
dc.date.issuedAugust 2016
dc.date.submittedAugust 2016
dc.identifier.citationPortions of this document appear in: P. Sivananthan and C. Vipulanandan (2015). "Treatment of Salt Contaminated Wastewater Using Multi Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell." Proceedings for CIGMAT-2016 Conference & Exhibition. http://cigmat.cive.uh.edu/sites/cigmat/files/files/conference/poster/2016/Treatment-of-Salt-Contaminated-Wastewater.pdf
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10657/3615
dc.description.abstractHydraulic fracturing waste water contains high level of total dissolved salts which is about five times more salty than the sea water. Hence it is important to treat the waste water before recycling it for use in hydraulic fracturing or safety discharging it into disposal facilities. There are number of desalination methods available such as nanocomposite membrane, semi batch reverse osmosis and ion concentration polarization. But integrating these technologies with hydraulic fracturing operations are considered very challenging. In this study multiple cathode chambers in the Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) configuration was developed and used to treat the salty hydraulic fracturing waste water in the cathode chambers and oil waste in the anode chamber. Also salt absorption by polymer was tested for use in the bridge. The two chamber MFC was tested with the cathode salt concentration of 35 g/L and 175 g/L and the desalination rates were 52 mg/L/hour and 115 mg/L/hour respectively. In the multiple cathode chamber MFC different salt concentrations were tested in the four cathode chambers and the maximum total desalination rate was 2.93 g/L/hour within three hours of operation with the polyacrylamide bridge. Hence the multi chamber MFC was more effective in the rate of desalination of hydraulic fracturing waste water compared to the two chamber MFC. Also bio-surfactant was produced in the anode chamber and was quantified by measuring the changes in the surface tension.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. UH Libraries has secured permission to reproduce any and all previously published materials contained in the work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectHydraulic fractures
dc.subjectMicrobial fuel cell
dc.subjectMultiple cathode chambers
dc.subjectResistivity
dc.subjectPH
dc.subjectNaCl
dc.subjectPower production
dc.subjectSurface tension
dc.subjectBiosurfactant
dc.titleDesalination of Hydraulic Fracturing Waste Water with Multiple Cathode Chambers in the Microbial Fuel Cell
dc.date.updated2018-12-03T21:04:49Z
dc.type.genreThesis
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.disciplineEnvironmental Engineering
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.departmentCivil and Environmental Engineering, Department of
dc.contributor.committeeMemberRixey, William G.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHu, Yandi
dc.type.dcmiText
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.description.departmentCivil and Environmental Engineering, Department of
thesis.degree.collegeCullen College of Engineering


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