Using the Personal Background Preparation Survey to Identify the At-Risk Student in the First Year of a Doctor of Chiropractic Program
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Early identification of the at-risk student followed by timely support and remediation has been found to improve academic performance and student retention. The Personal Background and Preparation Survey (PBPS) instrument has been used in nursing education to identify the at-risk student, and along with support and remediation, has been shown to improve retention. PBPS data from students matriculating at the Texas Chiropractic College (TCC) has been collected since fall 2010. Students, stratified into categories of high, medium, or low risk by the PBPS, are assigned one of 24 Adverse Academic Status Event (AASE) codes at the end of each academic session. The 24 AASE codes are associated with retention-related outcome categories ranging from good academic standing to attrition. The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between the PBPS results and the AASE code assigned to each student at the end of trimester one through three of a 10-trimester program. Trimester one results are significant at the p< .01 level. Trimester two and three results are significant at the p< .05 level. A significant positive relationship is found between the PBPS risk level, and the assigned retention-related category AASE code, at the 95% confidence interval. Spearman’s correlation coefficient indicates a small effect size in all three trimesters.