Attitude determination of GPS satellite vehicles
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There is an increasing demand for navigation systems that has led to rapid development of Global Positioning System (GPS) across industries. Apart from position and speed, precise attitude measurements are needed for many GPS applications. This thesis presents techniques for attitude determination of satellite vehicles in both real-time and stand-alone positioning applications. The GPS system used is a differential GPS system that estimates the body frame baselines using at least four receivers. The attitude information is obtained using these baselines and projecting them onto a local level frame. Integer ambiguity is a major constraint in attitude determination. Least Squares Ambiguity Deco-relation method is implemented to fix the ambiguities prior to baseline estimation. Estimation techniques such as Least Squares and Kalman Filter are implemented for deriving baseline components. Finally, this system will compute body frame coordinates and attitude components in reference to the desired coordinate frames.