An exploratory investigation of the effects on memory of prior domain experience and knowledge

dc.contributor.committeeMemberLachman, Roy
dc.contributor.committeeMemberFrancis, David J.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHouston, W. Robert
dc.contributor.committeeMemberKessel, Frank S.
dc.creatorScott, Carl W.
dc.date.accessioned2023-02-02T20:49:56Z
dc.date.available2023-02-02T20:49:56Z
dc.date.copyright1988-08-24
dc.date.issued1987
dc.description.abstractThree studies explored the relationship between experience and cognition. Scott (1981/1982) had found that marital status significantly influenced recall for a courtship story. Others have shown that more domain experience facilitates recall (e.g., Chase & Simon, 1973a) by increasing the number of schema variables (van Dijk & Kintsch, 1983). The first study found differences between marrieds' and singles' descriptions of typical courtships. The second study measured experience in interpersonal relationships, based on a political experience scale (Fiske & Kinder, 1981). The third study found that experience in interpersonal relationships and politics significantly affected recall in both domains, but only weakly affected problem-solving. Correlations between experience and performance across domains indicated the domains overlapped; comparing subjects more or less experienced in both domains produced clearer effects of experience. Research into the cognitive effects of prior experience has potential applications in educational settings and implications for understanding human knowledge.
dc.description.departmentPsychology, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginreformatted digital
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.other17571317
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10657/13790
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. Section 107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work assume the responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing, or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires express permission of the copyright holder.
dc.subjectMemory
dc.subjectExperience
dc.titleAn exploratory investigation of the effects on memory of prior domain experience and knowledge
dc.type.dcmiText
dc.type.genreThesis
dcterms.accessRightsThe full text of this item is not available at this time because it contains documents that are presumed to be under copyright and are accessible only to users who have an active CougarNet ID. This item will continue to be made available through interlibrary loan.
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences
thesis.degree.departmentPsychology, Department of
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychology
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy

Files

Original bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
Scott_1987_17571317.pdf
Size:
3.2 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format