Bimetallic Main-Group And Early Transition Metal Catalysis For Biorenewable Polymers And Biomass Conversion

dc.contributor.advisorComito, Robert J.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberDaugulis, Olafs
dc.contributor.committeeMemberTeets, Thomas S.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberLee, T. Randall
dc.contributor.committeeMemberRobertson, Megan L.
dc.creatorTansky, Maxym
dc.creator.orcid0000-0001-5160-8313
dc.date.accessioned2023-07-19T23:39:49Z
dc.date.createdMay 2023
dc.date.issued2023-05-02
dc.date.updated2023-07-19T23:39:50Z
dc.description.abstractThe environmental ramifications of the rapid expansion of fossil fuel-based materials have ushered in new demand for sustainable polymers and chemical feedstocks. Likewise, the development of new catalysts for the derivatization of renewable monomers and their polymerization represents a leading avenue towards sustainable materials with commercially relevant properties. This dissertation describes the synthesis of some novel binucleating ligands and their bimetallic complexes for the controlled polymerization of biorenewable monomer lactide, as well as a redox cooperative bimetallic vanadium catalyst for the degradation of lignin. First, a method for the preparation of bis(pyrazolyl)alkanes was developed based on the nucleophile-catalyzed condensation reaction between aldehydes and bis(pyrazolyl)methanones. Isolation of a key carbamate intermediate supported a proposed mechanism of two separate organocatalyzed cycles. Furthermore, tolerance of a variety of steric groups and aldehydes allowed access to polydentate heteroscorpionate ligands in one step under mild conditions. Using this method, a steric library of binucleating ligands based on the BINOL framework were prepared and their dizinc and dimagnesium complexes were characterized. These complexes were highly active for the polymerization of lactide with excellent control over molecular weight and dispersity. Importantly, kinetic analyses revealed significantly improved reactivity for the bimetallic complexes compared to structurally analogous monometallic ones, promising for a cooperativity enhanced mechanism. Additionally, new monometallic complexes of zinc and magnesium based on bulky phenol and indole ligands prepared by the same method were described and their polymerization activity briefly investigated. Finally, a novel bis(vanadyl) complex was developed, characterized, and studied in the aerobic decomposition of a lignin model compound. Magnetometry and calculation studies revealed unique ferromagnetic coupling between metal centers and a low singlet-triplet gap. Additionally, comparative reactivity studies against monometallic vanadium(IV)- and (V) structural analogues reveal marked increases in rate, highly suggestive of redox cooperativity.
dc.description.departmentChemistry, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.citationPortions of this document appear in: Tansky, Maxym, Zipeng Gu, and Robert J. Comito. "Metal-free, mild, and selective synthesis of bis (pyrazolyl) alkanes by nucleophile-catalyzed condensation." The Journal of Organic Chemistry 86, no. 2 (2020): 1601-1611.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10657/15015
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. UH Libraries has secured permission to reproduce any and all previously published materials contained in the work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectBimetallic Catalysis
dc.subjectBiorenewable Materials
dc.titleBimetallic Main-Group And Early Transition Metal Catalysis For Biorenewable Polymers And Biomass Conversion
dc.type.dcmiText
dc.type.genreThesis
dcterms.accessRightsThe full text of this item is not available at this time because the student has placed this item under an embargo for a period of time. The Libraries are not authorized to provide a copy of this work during the embargo period.
local.embargo.lift2025-05-01
local.embargo.terms2025-05-01
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
thesis.degree.departmentChemistry, Department of
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistry
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy

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