The effect of a temporary absence of target velocity information on visual tracking

dc.contributor.authorCisarik, Patricia M.
dc.contributor.authorKasthurirangan, Sanjeev
dc.contributor.authorVisco, Frank E., Jr.
dc.contributor.authorBedell, Harold E.
dc.contributor.authorStevenson, Scott B.
dc.contributor.authorRaghunandan, Avesh
dc.description.abstractExperiments with the Rashbass ‘step-ramp’ paradigm have revealed that the initial catchup saccade that occurs near pursuit onset uses target velocity as well as position information in its programming. Information about both position and motion also influences smooth pursuit. To investigate the timing of velocity sampling near the initiation of saccades and smooth pursuit, we analyzed the eye movements made in nine ‘step-ramp’ conditions, produced by combining –2, 0 and +2 deg steps with –8, 0 and +8 deg/s ramps. Each trial had either no temporal gap or a 50-ms gap during which the laser target was extinguished, beginning 25, 50, 75 or 100 ms after the step. Six subjects repeated each of the resulting 45 conditions 25 times. With no temporal gap, saccades were larger in the step-ramp-away’ than the ‘step-only’ condition, confirming that saccade programming incorporates ramp velocity information. A temporal gap had no effect on the accuracy of saccades on ‘step-only’ trials, but often caused undershoots in ‘step-ramp’ trials. A 50-ms gap within the first 100 ms also increased the latency of the initial saccade. Although initial pursuit velocity was unaffected by a temporal gap, a gap that started at 25 ms reliably delayed pursuit onset for ramp motion of the target toward the fovea. Later gaps had a minimal effect on initial pursuit latency. The similar timing of the temporal gaps in target motion information that affect the initiation of saccades and pursuit provides further behavioral evidence that the two types of eye movements share pre-motor neural mechanisms.
dc.description.departmentVision Sciences
dc.identifier.citationCopyright 2010 Journal of Eye Movement Research. Recommended citation: Cisarik, Patricia M., Sanjeev Kasthurirangan, Frank E. Visco Jr, Harold E. Bedell, Scott B. Stevenson, and Avesh Raghunandan. "The effect of a temporary absence of target velocity information on visual tracking." Journal of Eye Movement Research 3, no. 4 (2010). doi: 10.16910/jemr.3.4.4. URL: Reproduced in accordance with licensing terms and with author permission.
dc.publisherJournal of Eye Movement Research
dc.subjectPosition error
dc.subjectVisual gap
dc.titleThe effect of a temporary absence of target velocity information on visual tracking


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