Horizontal Saccade Disconjugacy in Strabismic Monkeys



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Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science


Purpose: Previous studies have shown that binocular coordination during saccadic eye movement is affected in humans with large strabismus. The purpose of this study was to examine the conjugacy of saccadic eye movements in monkeys with sensory strabismus. Maethods: The authors recorded binocular eye movements in four strabismic monkeys and one unaffected monkey. Strabismus was induced by first occluding one eye for 24 hours, switching the occluder to the fellow eye for the next 24 hours, and repeating this pattern of daily alternating monocular occlusion for the first 4 to 6 months of life. Horizontal saccades were measured during monocular viewing when the animals were 2 to 3 years of age. Results: Horizontal saccade testing during monocular viewing showed that the amplitude of saccades in the nonviewing eye was usually different from that in the viewing eye (saccade disconjugacy). The amount of saccade disconjugacy varied among animals as a function of the degree of ocular misalignment as measured in primary gaze. Saccade disconjugacy also increased with eccentric orbital positions of the nonviewing eye. If the saccade disconjugacy was large, there was an immediate postsaccadic drift for less than 200 ms. The control animal showed none of these effects. Conclusions: As do humans with large strabismus, strabismic monkey display disconjugate saccadic eye movements. Saccade disconjugacy varies with orbital position and increases as a function of ocular misalignment as measured in primary gaze. This type of sensory-induced strabismus serves as a useful animal model to investigate the neural or mechanical factors responsible for saccade disconjugacy observed in humans with strabismus.





Copyright 2007 Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. Recommended citation: Fu, LaiNgor, Ronald J. Tusa, Michael J. Mustari, and Vallabh E. Das. "Horizontal saccade disconjugacy in strabismic monkeys." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 48, no. 7 (2007): 3107-3114. DOI: 10.1167/iovs.06-0955. URL: https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2183953. Reproduced in accordance with the original publisher’s licensing terms and with permission from the author(s).