The development of an instrument to determine the amount and kinds of unfounded health beliefs held by corpswomen in residence at McKinney Job Corps Center for Women



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Purpose. The purpose of this study was to design an instrument to determine the amount and kinds of unfounded health beliefs that are held by the Corpswomen in residence at the McKinney Job Corps Center for Women. No attempt was made to ascertain the precise origin of the unfounded health beliefs subscribed to by the Corpswomen. Procedures. A comprehensive list of health misconceptions was compiled from the following sources: groups of Corpswomen; teachers of health education in high schools, colleges, and universities; and review of literature. Letters were sent to twenty-two teachers of health education in thirteen states of the southeastern and southwestern regions requesting lists of misconceptions which they found prevalent among their students. Twelve of the twenty-two persons contacted responded to the request. Approximately five different groups consisting of twenty-two to thirty Corpswomen each were asked to submit misconceptions which they knew of or had heard whether they believed in them or not. Two hundred and sixty-three misconceptions were collected from the three sources. Classification of these items revealed that there were twenty-eight in nutrition, sixty-three in sex education, ten in mental health, thirty in maternal and child care, and 132 in personal and environmental health. These categories were selected as being representative of the broad spectrum of information covered in two areas of instruction for Corpswomen: Science Education and Home and Family Living. The criterion for validating an item of misinformation about health was that it could not be supported by scientific fact. The scientific accuracy of the statements was validated by the jury technique. A jury of competent, experienced, and outstanding medical experts was selected to evaluate the statements on a true or false basis. [...]



Young women--Health and hygiene, Medical misconceptions, Health education