East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana : an examination of how school desegregation has affected elementary education programs in two major colleges of education and teacher attitudes toward their training in those institutions



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The study examined the impact of school desegregation in Louisi- and upon teacher education and teacher attitudes toward their education. The focus was upon East Baton Rouge Parish-an area which includes the institutions which have the two largest teacher education programs in the state, Louisiana State University and Southern University. There were two major areas of inquiry. Documents, catalogues and student teaching placement information from both Colleges of Education were examined. Materials from 1960-when most public schools in Louisiana were segregated, 1970-when East Baton Rouge Parish was under a court order to begin school desegregation, and 1976-after the system had been desegregated, were the major sources. Additionally, educators who had been involved with the programs between 1960-1976 were interviewed. The second area of inquiry was concerned with teachers' perceptions of their training and of their teaching competence. A questionnaire designed by the author was administered to the faculty of twenty- six randomly selected schools (one-third of the elementary schools within East Baton Rouge Parish). The data were analyzed by two separate statistical measures: the Kruskal-Wallis Analysis of Variance Test and the Chi-Square Test. Analyses were made of: 1) black and white teachers; 2) black and white teachers in the race school (black, white or desegregated) in which they were teaching; 3) teachers who had received their degrees from Louisiana State University, from Southern University and from other colleges; and 4) teachers who began their teaching career prior to the desegregation of the schools in 1970 and those who began teaching after 1970. [...]