Mecanismos De Impersonalidad en El Español Mexicano: Un Análisis De Epístolas De Los Siglos XVI, XVII Y XVIII



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



The present study describes the syntax and semantics of a group of linguistic strategies expressing impersonality in Mexican Spanish from the XVI, XVII and XVIII centuries. First, three kinds of se are studied (se pasivo-impersonal, se pasivo and se impersonal). After that, the second person singular and third person plural verb forms, uno, persona, hombre y dize que were analyzed. A quantitative and qualitative analysis has been carried out using 286 letters extracted from the Corpus Diacrónico y Diatópico del Español de América (CORDIAM). The purpose of the study is to prove if all of those linguistic elements show an advanced level of grammaticalization in the XVI century according to previous historical research (Arroyo, 2001; Batllori, 1998; Bogard, 2006; Company y Pozas, 2010 Ricós, 1995, 2000). The following linguistic variables have been incorporated to our analysis to observe possible constraints: presence, position, thematic role and animated condition of the subject, type, aspect and mode of the verb, agent complement, and number. The conclusions drawn from this investigation are the complete configuration of contexts with se, as well as the third person plural verb form. It is also found that dize que does not appear in our corpus. Hombre disappeared before XVII century. Moreover, persona had a low frequency of occurrence due to the fact that other words as gente and alguien or nadie had identical meanings. Regarding uno and the second person singular verb form they are related to texts about doctrine.



Syntax, Spanish language, Historical linguistics