Urban dominance on age structure in Korea, 1966



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Urban dominance theory is tested in South Korea, a developing country. Four age indexes, child-adult ratio, the proportion of young adults, youth dependency ratio and aged dependency ratio, are predicted by correlation and multiple regression analyses with four independent variables. The four independent variables are distance from the nearest metropolis, distance from the nearest big city, adjacency to an urban center and location with respect to transportation. The results of correlation and multiple regression analyses generally support the hypotheses. The most significant finding is that the distance from the metropolis is the most important factor while other independent variables are much less useful. In general, the gradient patterns for child-adult ratio and youth dependency ratio are more evident than those for the proportion of young adults and the aged dependency ratio. Transportation seems of least significance as an independent factor.



Korea, Urban dominance theory