A validity check on the coding of problem solving behaviors and exchange of social reinforcement



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The present study assessed the convergent validity of the Marital Interaction Coding system (MICS) by using a second coding system, the Inventory of Marital Conflicts (IMG) system. Problem solving interactions coded using the MICS were recoded using D-IC code categories, and the resulting data was tested to assess hypotheses generated from a social learning theory of marital distress. Contrary to results obtained using the MICS, couples from distressed marriages were not found to emit a greater frequency of non-facilitative problem solving behaviors, nor a lesser frequency of highly facilitative problem solving behaviors than couples from non-distressed marriages. However both systems revealed that the pattern of these behaviors was characteristic of the marital relationship and hence was not an attribute of the individual. The implications of these findings for the use of coding systems was discussed.