The relationship between parental behavior and cultural roles

Date

1953

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Abstract

This study was concerned with investigating specific parental training factors as they may Influence the adult roles of Age, Sex, and Status. These three roles were selected for investigation because they occupy a central position in social interrelations and also because they can be defined in terms of specific measurement operations with an objective testing procedure. Another criterion. Index of Identification, was employed in reference to the degree of masculine identification of the subjects. The Strong Vocational Interest Inventory, The Parental Behavior Questionnaire, and the Modified Strong Vocational Interest Inventory were administered to thirty male undergraduate students of psychology. From these tests the relationships between the behavior categories of Warmth, Indulgence, Democracy, Restrictiveness, Interference, Intellectuality, end Clarity and the roles of Age, Status, Sex, and Index of Identification were investigated. The product-moment correlations between Age and Sex, and Sex and Index of Identification were high, while the correlation between Age and Index of Identification was moderate but still statistically reliable. Other correlations were not high enough to be considered reliable. Statistically significant differences were found in the behavioral categories of Democracy, Restrictiveness, Interference, Intellectuality, and Clarity between High and Low Groups or Age Role, In the Status Role, Warmth, Indulgence, Restrictiveness, Interference, Intellectuality, and Clarity were found to have significant differences. Indulgence, Democracy, Restrictiveness, Interference, Intellectuality, and Clarity were found to possess significant differences in relation to Sex Role. None of the categories showed significant differences in relation to Index of Identification. The findings of this study indicate that individuals who are well-organized, socially sensitive, and generally mature are interested in technical, concrete, and manipulatory activities. Those persons who possess this 'masculine' interest pattern have identified with their fathers to a great extent. The more mature individuals stemmed from a background which was democratic, intellectual, non-restrictive, interfering, and clear on policy. Those subjects with a high 'level of aspiration' developed from an environmental situation which was warm, indulgent, interfering, clear on policy, non-restrictive and intellectual. Those persons with a high masculine interest pattern were characterized by homes which were restrictive, indulgent, non-democratic, interfering, vague on policy, and non-intellectual.

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Keywords

Parenting, Sex role, Age (Psychology)

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