Speaking metaphorically : children communicating the affect of music to adults through painting

Date

1984

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Abstract

This study investigated whether preschool, kindergarten, and school age children could communicate the affect of music adult raters through visual metaphor. Each child painted one painting corresponding to each of three passages of classical music, plus a fourth to the one passage he ultimately chose as his favorite. Adult raters viewed slides of the children's paintings and were asked to (1) match each painting to its corresponding music, (2) rate how well the painting/ music dyads corresponded ("Goodness-of-Fit"), and (3) rate correspondences again after having been informed as to correct painting/music dyads ("Informed Goodness- of-Fit"). Results were: on the Informed Goodness-of- Fit factor only, there was a main effect of music indicating that different music elicited differential responses from the raters. A significant age group difference indicated that paintings by the different age groups also elicited differential ratings by adults. Post hoc comparisons revealed that school age paintings elicited ratings that were significantly higher than those elicited by preschool paintings. Lastly, Favorite paintings elicited significantly higher match scores than paintings to the same music in the "neutral" condition.

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Keywords

Music, Psychological aspects, Intersensory effects, Art, Psychology, Child artists

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