An analysis of women's movements through time : a structural process model for the study of minority social movements

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1986

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Abstract

This thesis addresses questions that arise from Female Revolt: Women's Movements in World and Historical Perspective (Chafetz and Dworkin, 1986). Chafetz and Dworkin tested their model of the causes of women's movements only in those countries which showed evidence of such movements. Also, even though the independent variables occurred over a twenty year period for each movement they were placed in a non- hierarchitized regression analysis. This thesis focuses on a reanalysis of that model by: 1) placing the independent variables in their proper hierarchitized order while subjecting them to regression analyses; and 2) putting the model to a more stringent analysis by analyzing those countries which experienced a First Wave but not a Second Wave Movement. For both Waves the dependent variable is the occurrence or size of a Women's Movement; independent variables, measured on the basis of census data, are urbanization, industrialization, size of the middle class, role expansion and role/status dilemmas. The results show that in the case of the First Wave, the hierarchitized regression produced the same results as those obtained by Chafetz and Dworkin. Reanalysis of the Second Wave, with the inclusion of those countries which experienced a First but not a Second Wave Movement, produced new and stronger results, specifically a greater understanding of the impact of the independent variables upon one another, and an increase in the ability to explain variance in movement size from 52.8% to 93.8%.

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Keywords

Feminism--History--Mathematical models

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