Analysis of objects in the environment of hospitalized patients using a multitrait artifact classification system

dc.contributor.committeeMemberWillems, Edwin P.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBaxter, James C.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBlakeney, Roger N.
dc.creatorHansen, William Bunker
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-21T14:43:21Z
dc.date.available2022-02-21T14:43:21Z
dc.date.issued1977
dc.description.abstractThe functional nature of objects in the environment of hospitalized quadriplegics and paraplegics was examined in an observational study. Using two classification systems, objects which were displayed and used by 14 male patients were rated for structural composition, information loading, and dynamic functioning. Significant differences in how patient groups used objects were discovered with quadriplegics using fewer objects directed at maintaining or manipulating the physical environment and more objects directed at maintaining or manipulating themselves than paraplegics. Strong relationships were observed between various patient performance measures including length of stay-in the hospital and the presence of objects with verbal or pictorial information on them. Analysis of the occurrence of objects unique to individual subjects revealed that a large proportion of the overall environment was personalized. The average patient, however, did not have a large number of objects which were unique to himself, and most environmental transactions occurred with objects common to all subjects. Using data collected while objects were in use, a cluster analysis was performed which grouped objects according to functional characteristics, suggesting the possibility of an empirical environmental taxonomy.
dc.description.departmentPsychology, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginreformatted digital
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.other3814861
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10657/8841
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work assume the responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing, or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires express permission of the copyright holder.
dc.titleAnalysis of objects in the environment of hospitalized patients using a multitrait artifact classification system
dc.type.dcmiText
dc.type.genreThesis
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Social Sciences
thesis.degree.departmentPsychology, Department of
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychology
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Arts

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