The Effects of Aromaticity Gain in Multipoint Hydrogen-Bonded Arrays

dc.contributor.advisorWu, Judy I-Chia
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBrgoch, Jakoah
dc.contributor.committeeMemberGuloy, Arnold M.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberMay, Jeremy A.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBriggs, James M.
dc.creatorZhang, Yu 1994-
dc.creator.orcid0000-0001-9412-0246
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-04T00:07:24Z
dc.date.available2020-01-04T00:07:24Z
dc.date.createdDecember 2018
dc.date.issued2018-12
dc.date.submittedDecember 2018
dc.date.updated2020-01-04T00:07:25Z
dc.description.abstractThe aromaticity-modulated hydrogen bonding (AMHB) model was applied to understand how “aromaticity gain” influences the association strengths of multipoint hydrogen-bonded arrays and as a driving force for electronic complementarity in base pairing. The block-localized wavefuntion (BLW) method was used to quantify the degree of “aromaticity gain” (i.e., the amount of increased cyclic π-electron delocalization) in arrays upon hydrogen bonding. An excellent linear relationship was found between the computed gas-phase association free energies and the amount of increased cyclic π-electron delocalization energies of 26 triply (r = 0.940) and 20 quadruply (r = 0.959). Computational analyses for 57 hydrogen-bonded base pairs also document excellent linear correlation between the gas-phase association energies and the degree of aromaticity gain of paired bases (r = 0.949). Hydrogen bonding interactions can polarize the ring π-electrons to increase (or decrease) cyclic 4n + 2 π-electron delocalization, resulting in aromaticity gain (or loss) in complexes, and become strengthened (or weakened). Our findings point to important limitations of the secondary electrostatic interaction (SEI) model, suggesting the importance of considering aromaticity gain in arrays as a relevant factor for determining the stability of multipoint hydrogen-bonded complexes. This work shows that aromaticity gain increases the inherent association strengths of hydrogen-bonded complexes. Potential implications of the AMHB model for improving nucleic acid force-fields and for designing robust unnatural base pairs are also discussed.
dc.description.departmentChemistry, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.citationPortions of this document appear in: Wu, Chia-Hua, Yu Zhang, Krista van Rickley, and Judy I. Wu. "Aromaticity gain increases the inherent association strengths of multipoint hydrogen-bonded arrays." Chemical Communications 54, no. 28 (2018): 3512-3515. And in: Zhang, Yu, Chia-Hua Wu, I. Judy, and Chia Wu. "Why do A· T and G· C self-sort? Hückel aromaticity as a driving force for electronic complementarity in base pairing." Organic & biomolecular chemistry 17, no. 7 (2019): 1881-1885. DOI: 10.1039/c8ob01669k
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10657/5704
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. UH Libraries has secured permission to reproduce any and all previously published materials contained in the work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectAromaticity
dc.subjectHydrogen-bonded arrays
dc.titleThe Effects of Aromaticity Gain in Multipoint Hydrogen-Bonded Arrays
dc.type.dcmiText
dc.type.genreThesis
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
thesis.degree.departmentChemistry, Department of
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistry
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science

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