Effect of order of information on the accuracy of interviewer ratings



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Thirty-six undergraduate students in an introductory industrial/organizational psychology course and eighteen interviewing trainees participating in an Interviewing Institute each rated four hypothetical applicants on overall Acceptability for hire and Qualifications for the job of Geology Laboratory Assistant. Hypothetical applicants were presented by two sets of data---test information, and information obtained from an interview, in which High and Low levels of favorability were manipulated. Half the subjects received Test information first and the other half received Interview information first; all subjects rated applicants twice, once after each set of information. Subjects' ratings were correlated with the criterion ratings of expert Judges on Acceptability for hire and Qualifications for the job. A slight primacy effect on the predictability of subjects' ratings was found when Test information was presented first for the Student sample, but not for the Institute sample. No consistent order effect on mean ratings was found for either sample. Subjects were slightly more lenient than expert Judges, but Students were not found to be more lenient than Institute trainees.