Influences of the Russo-Japanese War upon the Royal Navy, 1904-1910 : some effects of the construction and the maneuvers of the Russian fleets in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 upon the design of ships and development of strategy in the Royal Navy in the Fisher era



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In the decade following the conclusion of the Sino-Japanese war, Russia and Japan struggled for supremacy in Southern Manchuria and Korea. Russia followed up its initial advantage over Japan by seizing the strategic naval base of Port Arthur. The final stage of this contest took the form of a war that erupted in February, 1904. This war assumed major importance not only because it decided the balance of power in Asia for forty years, but also because of the technological and strategical naval advances that came about as a result of this war. The naval phase of this war began with a sneak Japanese attack upon the Russian Pacific Squadron in Port Arthur. There were but two other major fleet engagements during the war: 1) on August 10, 1901, when Admiral Witgeft tried to escape from Port Arthur to Vladivostok, and 2) on May 27, 1905, when Admiral Rozhestvenski attempted to reach Vladivostok with the Second and Third Pacific Fleets. Both of these efforts ended in disastrous failure for the Russians because of the technical inferiority of their ships and the poor strategy they employed. Within a few months of the latter battle, a peace was concluded between the two Powers that established Japanese hegemony in Eastern Asia until World War II. [...]