A comparison of the physical education program of the public schools and the physical training program of the army



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  1. Purpose of This Investigation / The primary purpose of this investigation was to study and discuss the physical education program of the public schools and the physical training program of the army. The ultimate purpose was to use the findings of both programs to work out an improved post-war physical education program. / 2. Procedures and Sources of Data / The methods, procedures, and techniques that were used by the public schools prior to the recent war and those that were used by the army during the recent war were studied. Both of these programs were analyzed and the best points of each system were noted. The programs, personnel, and results of each program were also studied and discussed. / 3. Findings and Interpretations / This investigation revealed a number of findings, the most important being; (a) Boys coming out of the nubile schools into the army were not as physically fit as they should have been; (b) the public schools did not carry on an extensive conditioning exercise program; (c) the instructors of the public schools were too lenient with the boys, and did not demand enough from them to condition them physically; (d) not enough corrective education was being carried on; (e) the army had better material to work with since the unfit were weeded out; (f) the army had a more definite purpose in that the men had to be rut into good physical condition in order to survive the war; (g) many of the school instructors were the same instructors in the army later, but had more reason for seeing that their men were physically fit; (h) the army had no time for men who needed corrective exercise, as they had a war to win; and (i) the army let the results of their physical fitness tests determine how much to increase or decrease their conditioning exercises. / 4. Recommendations / These findings suggest the following recommendations! (a) That all schools carry on an extensive conditioning, corrective, end recreative physical education program; (b) that physical education Instructors should demand more from the boys in their classes; (o) a thorough medical examination should be given at the beginning of each year and periodical physical fitness tests thereafter; (d) the schools should strive for better instructors in physical ill education by raising the standards; and (e) a lesson should be taken from the recent war in order that the mistake of unpreparedness does not happen again.