Patriotism, pines, and profits : Southern lumbermen in World War I



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World War I, and the need, for federal controls, accelerated changing trends In American industry. A growing corporate structure and Increasing federal regulation were eclipsing the old individualism and laissez faire economics. American entry into the war in April, 1917, witnessed Innovations in government-private industry relations with the establishment of the Council of National Defense, eventually to become the War Industries Board, and other more permanent regulatory agencies like the Federal Trade Commission. President Woodrow Wilson, through the Council of National Defense and later the War Industries Board, sought to establish close, fruitful contact with -industry to facilitate acquisition of necessary war materials, an effort which included appointment of affluent manufacturers like John Henry Kirby, a yellow pine magnate, to agencies regulating their own Industries. [...]