The effects of distributions of unretrieved studies on validity generalization results

dc.contributor.committeeMemberOsburn, Hobart G.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberCarbonari, Joseph P., Jr.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSparks, C. Paul
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBoodoo, Gwynth M.
dc.creatorAshworth, Steven D.
dc.description.abstractValidity generalization procedures have been accepted by most Industrial/Organizational psychologists as legitimate methods for removing artifactual variance from distributions of employment test validities. One criticism however, is that validity generalization studies are biased toward published, significant results. To examine this criticism some researchers have applied Rosenthal's (1979) "file-drawer" analysis, often finding that as many as 65,000 unretrieved null studies would have to be located in order to nullify a validity generalization study. The present research notes the differing assumptions of the "file-drawer" analysis and validity generalization and develops a procedure for examining the effects of unretrieved studies on validity generalization results. The analysis was applied to both empirical published data sets as well as simulated data sets. The findings indicate that the new analysis is more conservative than file-drawer analysis and is effective in addressing the basic problem in validity generalization. Additionally, the results show some validity generalization results may be more resistant to unretrieved studies than others.
dc.description.departmentPsychology, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginreformatted digital
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. Section 107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work assume the responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing, or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires express permission of the copyright holder.
dc.subjectEmployment tests
dc.subjectPersonnel management--Research--Statistical methods
dc.titleThe effects of distributions of unretrieved studies on validity generalization results
dc.type.genreThesis of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, Department of of Houston of Philosophy


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