A comparative investigation of frustration-aggression behavior patterns shown by adult members of three different denominational groups in Houston, Texas



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Purpose of the study. The purpose of this study was to determine the aggressive reactions to frustration of a selected sample of Baptist, Catholic, and Jewish adults. Previous studies have established that differences in the aggressive reactions to frustration exist between various ethnic-cultural groups and between the children of the religious denominations mentioned above. On this basis, it was decided to investigate differences in frustrationaggression patterns of behavior among adults of some religious groups. Testing Procedure. The adult form of the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study was administered to groups ranging in size from 15 to 70 to evoke the frustration-aggression patterns. Subjects. A total of 199 adults ranging in age from 19 to 45 years with a mean chronological age of 26.7 were tested. Of those tested, 68 were Baptist, 67 were Catholic, and 64 were Jewish. The subjects were selected on the basis of their participation in activities with members of their denominational group. The institutions from which they were chosen were located in Houston, Texas. Results. The responses to the test were scored for the direction of aggression, i.e., extrapunitiveness, intropunitiveness, and impunitiveness, and for the type of reaction, i.e., obstacle-dominance, ego-defensiveness, and need-persistence, as veil as for a group conformity rating. The means of the various factors for the groups compared vere tested for significant differences. The significant differences found are briefly given below. Baptist women and Jewish women. The Jewish women exceeded the Baptist women in need-persistence. Catholic women and Jewish women. The Jewish women scored higher in need-persistence than did the Catholic women. Total Baptist and total Jewish. The total Jewish group exceeded the total Baptist group in need-persistence. This is probably a reflection of the women's results. Total Catholic and total Jewish. The total Jewish group scored higher in need-persistence than did the total Catholic group. This, also, is probably a reflection of the women's scores. Conclusions. The Jewish women, more than any of the other groups, reacted to frustration with efforts to correct the disturbing situation. In view of the lack of further significant differences, it was concluded that there was little relationship between frustration-aggression behavior and the religious background of those adults tested and that any earlier differences which may have existed were subordinated to more accommodative behavior patterns by the socialization process.



Frustration-aggression, Behavior