Integrating Mobile Psychometrics with Wearable Physiological Sensing in Longitudinal Studies: Design, Testing, and Clinical Benefits



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Traditionally, psychometric questionnaires have been given in paper form. Increasingly, questionnaires are delivered through web interfaces. Although, this is an improvement, web interfaces are not as flexible as mobile interfaces. We focus on the latter, because their ubiquity, can potentially cure the adherence problem. Indeed, in longitudinal studies, participants may be asked to fill out questionnaires several times a day over a period of time. Several problems arise in such studies, with adherence being the number one problem. In this research, we chose circumplex, a powerful but complex psychometric instrument, as a case study for evaluating the effect of mobile interfacing. Circumplex is a 2D psychometric, requiring careful consideration of design issues, as one tries to make it fit in a small smartphone screen. Therefore, we first ran a user interface study where we measured the goodness of several designs in the lab. Having selected the best designs, we ran a field study to evaluate the goodness of these select designs in actual practice over a number of days. The next step was to use the winning design in a large longitudinal study with n=131 participants. This study is ongoing, and we have started analyzing the data, keeping a keen eye on the issue of adherence. Initial results are promising. We have also started collecting concomitantly with the psychometric scores, physiological markers. These markers are electrodermal activity signals recorded by a wristband on the subjects non-dominant hand. The ultimate goal is to mix mobile psychometrics with wearable sensing, thus delivering sustained multimodal responses that will paint a much more complete picture with respect to legacy approaches. These legacy approaches were not only suffering from adherence problems with regard to psychometric responses, but it was unthinkable to include complementary physiological responses, due to technical limitations.



Online questionnaires, 2D questionnaires, Mobile devices, Mobile health care, User interface design, Adherence, Psychophysiology, Psychology


Portions of this document appear in: Ugur, Muhsin, Dvijesh Shastri, Panagiotis Tsiamyrtzis, Malcolm Dcosta, Allison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp, and Ioannis Pavlidis. "Evaluating smartphone-based user interface designs for a 2d psychological questionnaire." In Proceedings of the 2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing, pp. 275-282. ACM, 2015.