An evaluation of the preliminary editions of two Spanish vocabulary recognition tests



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This study consists of an evaluation of the preliminary editions of forms I and II of the Spanish Vocabulary Recognition Tests. The project as a whole was carried out under the auspices of the Office of the Permanent Secretary to the Superior Educational Council of Puerto Rico. The objectives of the present study were: (1) to evaluate the preliminary editions by means of an item analysis; (8) to make recommendations concerning the final editions of the two tests; and (3) to estimate the size of vocabularies of college freshmen and high-school students in Puerto Rico based on results obtained from the administration of these preliminary editions. The subjects participating in this initial administration were 398 freshmen students of the University of Puerto Rico, and 372 students from three high schools of Puerto Rico. The data obtained were evaluated by means of an item analysis. Results indicated that only 51 of the 285 items in Form I were unsatisfactory and required furter careful study for revision. Form II was found to contain only 59 unsatisfactory items of the total 292. The item analysis also provided information by means of which the items might be arranged in order difficulty. The results obtained from the data suggested, among other things, the following: (a) That both forms be given to the same individuals to determine reliability. (b) That the Spanish Vocabulary Recognition Tests be correlated with intelligence test scores. To realize the third purpose of this study, the papers were scored by formula to correct for guessing, and distributions were made to determine approximate vocabulary size. For college freshmen the estimated average vocabulary size was about 25,000 words, and for high-school students about 15,000. From the data obtained by means of item analysis and the scores by formula, it seemed that the following conclusions were justified: (1) The test construction project as a whole should be a successful one. (2) It seems highly probable that the next edition of the two forms may be final. (3) Most of the items appear to need no revision for the final edition. (4) A number of the items as indicated do not seem to discriminate adequately between the "High" and "Low" groups. (5) In some instances more suitable correct responses (synonyms) may be obtained. (6) Some alternate responses seem to be obviously incorrect and need further study. (7) Some alternates may be better correct responses than the word indicated by the key. (8) The two forms seem to give fairly consistent results for the groups tested.



Spanish language, Puerto Rico