Effects of visual learning : emotional masking of disappointment in blind vs. sighted children



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



Emotional masking occurs through internally cued anatomically based, socialized behaviors. This study addressed the visual learning component of emotional masking. The population is 18 children: nine sighted and nine congenitally blind, 6-13 years old, four female and fourteen male, matched for sex, age, socioeconomic status, normal range I.Q. The children were presented a mild disappointment while the response was videotaped. Ekman's facial action coding system was used to analyze the data. Two factor MANOVA combined between-within subject variables vision by stimulus intervals failed to show vision a significant factor. Significance was found to support masking in both groups, a two factor MANOVA vision by verbalization was significant at p<.028, independent of situation. X2 on interview information indicates significant differences between groups in knowledge of facial display p<.05. Significant difference found between groups due to affect reported when receiving the prizes (p<.001).



Emotions in children, Blind children--Psychology, Facial expression