"Full-term scholastic survival" empiric keying of an interest inventory in the prediction of academic performance



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This study was designed to test a concept not hitherto reported In the research on scholastic performance prediction. Theory and empiric research on the relationship of Inventoried interests to student success In higher education were reviewed. The major approaches described and evaluated were the use of relevant established occupational scales, the empiric sifting of many diverse interest scales, and the construction of situation-specific special-purpose keys by item analysis and re-valldatlon. The particular needs of a predictive Instrument to supplement aptitude tests and prior grades for pharmacy students were indicated. A rationale was outlined for using, In the prediction of academic success, the Interest patterns of terminal students who maintained normal progress throughout their studies In pharmacy. Postulated as prerequisite or facilitative to predictions of unique variance by this method were: scholastic-efficiency differentiability of curriculum-homogeneous students by their SVIB responses; longitudinal differentiability of such populations by the same means; and the durability and relevance to individual learning processes of these differentiations. Hypotheses were formulated to represent these postulates and to determine the role of Interests characteristic of practicing community pharmacists. Longitudinal differentiability by SVIB responses was clearly established, while scholastic-efficiency differentiability was shown to be more feasible for freshmen than for first professional year students. The negative relationship between the Interest patterns of established pharmacists and scholastic criteria in undergraduates was accompanied by a similar finding for the Interest key derived from 1965 graduates who experienced normal progress throughout their studies. Some Implications for pharmaceutical education and for Interest key construction were discussed.



Academic achievement, Prediction of scholastic success, Occupational values inventory