The EUODE Model : A preliminary cost-effectiveness model of education programs in a Texas school district

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1974

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Abstract

The EUODE Model is a tool to be utilized by a school district to maximize its output within the limits of its budget. Output is defined as an aggregate measure of pupil cognitive skills. These skills are weighted according to their relative adaptive value for an individual and across individuals. Education should be evaluated in terms of its contribution to the adaptation of the utility-maximizing individual. For the human organism, this is largely a matter of storing and retrieving symbolic representations of the environment, and manipulating these symbols to solve problems. An additional contribution involves an educational effort to reduce the coercive elements of social interaction. The outcomes are embodied in the output definition of the EUODE model. The Hosen social science curriculum is a mandatory part of the recommended curriculum because of its effectiveness in reducing the propensity of students for political coercion. It also induces a more rational and informed approach to participation in socio-political institutions. It utilizes a reflective instructional strategy and an interdisciplinary content. The actual cost-effectiveness model attempts to measure the contribution to human adaption per dollar of school expenditure. Three alternative models embodying different philosophical assumptions about aggregating across individuals are presented. A large numberof educational policies have been assessed for cost-effectiveness. The most effective policies involve relatively inexpensive instructional innovations. A number of intensive remedial programs for the disadvantaged were also effective, as were strategies for parental involvement and substitution of television and auto-instructional programs for teacher lectures. Unproductive strategies included smaller classes, teacher and administrator autonomy, and general increases in expenditures. Substantial additional revenue can be raised without changing tax rates by correcting the systematic underevaluation of business property and unimproved land relative to residential property. A possible solution to the problem of equitable allocation of educational resources involves the use of the Hosen measure of absolute utility. The rule implied is that resources should be allocated so that the percentage change in long-term utility is the same for all pupils.

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Keywords

Educational programs, Texas schools

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