The relation of gender, sex-role identity and age to styles of function in configurational behavior

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1980

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Abstract

Two orientations in terms of theoretical position and research strategies merge to form the structure and rationale of this study: (1) Erikson's psychoanalytical/ psychosocial orientation and use of projective techniques in regard to the relation of gender to styles of function in configurational behavior and (2) the more recent socio- psychological point of view, particularly of Bern (1974, 1975) concerned with the concept of androgyny and sex-role identity from psychometrically derived self-report techniques. The basic question addressed by this study was: What is the relation of gender, sex-role identity and age to styles of function in configurational behavior? Related questions that were investigated to account for the influences of socialization and age were: When sex-role identity is controlled does gender still explain a significant portion of configurational behavior? When sex-role identity and age are controlled is gender still an important underlying variable in predicting configurational behavior? When sex-role identity is controlled, is the relation of gender to configurational behavior contingent upon age? Sixty subjects (51 women and 29 men), 18-75 years attending classes or working at Houston Community College served as volunteer subjects. Sex-role identity was ascertained by the Bern Sex-role Inventory (BSRI; Bern, 1974). Scores derived from the four factors of Instrumentality, Emotional Expressiveness, Social Immaturity and Gender- Identity as suggested by the factor analytic work of Moreland, Gulanick, Montague and Harren (1978) were used. [...]

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Keywords

Sex role, Sex differences (Psychology), Androgyny (Psychology), Human behavior

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