Synthesis, Structure, Characterization, and Functional Properties of New Mixed Metal Polar Oxides



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Functional polar oxide materials occupy a very crucial position in modern technology. The polar oxide materials exhibit many technologically important properties like second-harmonic generation, piezoelectricity, pyroelectricity, and possibly ferroelectricity caused by their polar crystal structure. Though the structure-property relationship in polar oxide materials is well studied, the understanding of how the structural building units are joined to form a new polar crystal structure has been less sufficient. A synthetic approach using cations susceptible to second-order Jahn Teller (SOJT) distortion like octahedrally coordinated d0 cations (Ti4+, V5+, Mo6+) and lone-pair cations (Sn2+, Sb3+, Te4+) is successful in preparing new polar oxide materials. We were successful in preparing several new polar oxide materials, Zn2(MoO4)(AO3) (A = Se4+, Te4+) (P21), BiO(IO3) (Pca21), Li6(Mo2O5)3(SeO3)6 (Pmn21), Na2(WO3)3(SeO3)•2H2O (P31c), and Na6(W6O19)(SeO3)2 (C2) and other centrosymmetric materials, Li2(MO4)(TeO3)2 (M = Mo6+, W6+) (P21/n). In this dissertation, we report the syntheses, crystal structures, physical properties, functional properties, and understanding of the structure-property relationship of the reported oxide materials.



Non-centrosymmetric, Polar