Essays on Hispanic Identity

dc.contributor.advisorJuhn, Chinhui
dc.contributor.advisorMaheshri, Vikram
dc.contributor.committeeMemberFriedman, Willa H.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberRubinstein, Yona
dc.creatorHadah, Hussain
dc.date.accessioned2023-06-14T17:14:00Z
dc.date.available2023-06-14T17:14:00Z
dc.date.createdMay 2023
dc.date.issued2023-05-17
dc.date.updated2023-06-14T17:14:01Z
dc.description.abstractIn this dissertation, I explore two topics related to Hispanic discrimination and identity. In chapter one, I study discrimination against Hispanics in the labor market. I compare the children of inter-ethnic marriages to study the impact of having a Hispanic last name. While males born to Hispanic father-White mothers earn less than those born to White father-Hispanic mothers, the gap could be completely explained by educational differences. I also study the effect of identifying as Hispanic on earnings. I find that men who identify as Hispanic earn significantly less than those who do not, even after controlling for educational differences. In chapter two, I study the determinants of the choice to identify as Hispanic among those who could—those whose parents, grandparents, or selves were born in a Spanish- speaking country. I find that individuals with Hispanic ancestry are significantly less likely to self-identify as Hispanic if they live in states with high levels of implicit ethnic bias. A one standard deviation increase in bias decreases self-reported Hispanic identity by 7-13 percentage points for first and second-generation Hispanics, respectively. These effects are more prominent among second-generation immigrants whose mothers and fathers were born in a Spanish-speaking country than among children of inter-ethnic parents. These findings have implications for the interpretation of economic research on racial and ethnic gaps in a variety of contexts, including labor market outcomes, redistributive policies, and political representation.
dc.description.departmentEconomics, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10657/14530
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectEconomics of Minorities
dc.subjectRace
dc.subjectAnd Immigrants
dc.subjectDiscrimination and Prejudice
dc.titleEssays on Hispanic Identity
dc.type.dcmiText
dc.type.genreThesis
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences
thesis.degree.departmentEconomics, Department of
thesis.degree.disciplineEconomics
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy

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