Adolescent smoking behavior : its relationship to knowledge of physiological effects and perceptions of personal vulnerability



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Using the Health Belief Model as a framework, adolescent smoking behavior was hypothesized as being related to the adolescents': knowledge of the long-term, short-term and immediate physiological effects attributable to smoking; beliefs of being personally vulnerable to these effects; physical sensations experienced when trying smoking; and overall evaluation of the sensations experienced when smoking. Five hundred and seventy-two adolescents participated in a self-report survey; their responses were analyzed via a series of two group discriminant analyses. Results indicated that adolescents, to some degree, take an expectancy-value approach to smoking behavior. Nonsmokers and exsmokers described themselves as having avoided and ceased smoking partly because of expected and experienced aversive immediate effects. Current smokers reported that they continued smoking because of expected and experienced attractive immediate effects.



Youth--Tobacco use