Personalized beliefs about social consequences and smoking prevention among adolescents : an application of the theory of reasoned action



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The purpose of the present dissertation, guided by the Theory of Reasoned Action, was two-fold. Participants in the first study included 394 students and a second sample of 2,561 students. The results indicate some support for the hypotheses that: grade, sex, and risk status are related to value placed on social occurrences; risk and smoking status are related to personalized beliefs; and, grade and smoking status moderate the relationship of potential attitude components to smoking intention. Suggestions are made regarding a model of becoming a smoker. The second study, evaluation of a smoking deterrence program, included 1,713 students. Virtually no support was offered for the effectiveness of the social consequence component of the program. Evaluation of the program as a whole suggests effectiveness in changing behavior. Suggestions made concern collection of process data when conducting future deterrence programs, and explanation of behavior impact in the absence of intention impact



Smoking, Psychological aspects, Youth, Tobacco use