Petrophysical Property Prediction from Seismic Inversion Attributes Using Rock Physics and Machine Learning: Volve Field, North Sea

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2024-02-06

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Abstract

An accurate petrophysical model of the subsurface is essential for resource development and CO2 sequestration. We present a new workflow that provides a high-resolution estimate of petrophysical reservoir properties using seismic data with rock physics modeling and machine-learning techniques (i.e., deep learning neural networks). First, we compare the sequential prediction of the following petrophysical attributes: mineralogy, porosity, and fluid saturation, with the simultaneous prediction of all of the properties using the Volve field in the Norwegian North Sea as an example. The workflow shows that the sequential prediction produces a more efficient and accurate classification of petrophysical properties (the RMS error between the predicted and the original seismic trace is 50% smaller for the sequential compared to the simultaneous procedure). Next, the seismic amplitude response of the reservoirs was studied using rock physics modeling and amplitude versus offset (AVO) analysis to distinguish the different lithologies and fluid types. To ascertain the optimal hydrocarbon production areas, we performed Bayesian seismic inversion and applied machine learning to estimate the petrophysical properties. We examined how porosity, Vclay, and fluid variations affect the elastic properties. In Poisson’s ratio versus the P-wave impedance domain, a 10% porosity increase decreases the acoustic impedance (AI) by 30%, while a 20% Vclay decrease increases the AI by 12%. The Utsira Formation in the Volve field (5 km north of the Sleipner Øst field) was evaluated as a potential CO2 geological storage unit using Gassmann fluid substitution and seismic modeling. We look to assess the elastic property variation caused by CO2 saturation changes for monitoring purposes and simulate the effect. In the first 10% CO2 substitution, the P-wave velocity decrease is 12%, a subtle effect is observed for higher CO2 saturation values, and S-wave velocity (Vs) increases with CO2 saturation. Our analysis aspires to assist future reservoir studies and CO2 sequestration in similar fields.

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Applied Sciences 14 (4): 1345 (2024)