An Internet-based Telepresence Robotic Avatar System for Real-time Mediated Interpersonal Communication

dc.contributor.advisorDeng, Zhigang
dc.contributor.committeeMemberChen, Guoning
dc.contributor.committeeMemberFu, Xin
dc.creatorZhang, Kunpeng
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-4043-4378
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-09T02:21:09Z
dc.date.available2022-08-09T02:21:09Z
dc.date.createdMay 2022
dc.date.issued2022-04
dc.date.updated2022-08-09T02:21:10Z
dc.description.abstractTelecommunication has been achieved for more than one century, from the telegraph (1855), wired telephone (1876) to the mobile phone (1973), Internet-based (the 1990s) video conferencing, and games. The progress of telecommunication has changed people's life. The requirement for telecommunication is higher and higher, which is not limited to audio, video, and real-time. How to increase telepresence during telecommunication is a focus of recent research. In this paper, we proposed a novel Internet-based telepresence robotic avatar system specifically designed for real-time, mediated interpersonal communication applications. The system consists of a mobile phone App and a robot. The system’s goal is to provide the remote mobile phone user and local robot user with enhanced telepresence experiences. First, on top of an experimental tabletop robot platform, we designed a smartphone App to remotely connect and control the gesture interface of the humanoid robot through the Internet, where the gesture movement (including head movement, gaze, and mouth movement) of the remote participant is real-time tracked, encoded, and transmitted to the telepresence robot along with the audio stream. Meanwhile, the audio/video acquired by the video camera and microphone embedded in the robot is sent to the mobile side in real-time. Embodied with the remote participant, the robot can thus perform face-to-face interaction with the local participant in the same physical space in real-time. Then, through a comparative study between the proposed system and the widely used Zoom Video Conferencing system for interpersonal communication applications, we found that our proposed system can be measurably comparable to the Zoom video conferencing system in terms of most of the studied measures. Under the circumstance of lack of video support, but only with the robot's tangible body, lively facial expressions, and audio, the telepresence was obviously enhanced to the face-to-face level.
dc.description.departmentComputer Science, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10657/10738
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectTelepresence
dc.subjectRobot
dc.subjectFacial expressions
dc.titleAn Internet-based Telepresence Robotic Avatar System for Real-time Mediated Interpersonal Communication
dc.type.dcmiText
dc.type.genreThesis
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
thesis.degree.departmentComputer Science, Department of
thesis.degree.disciplineComputer Science
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science

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